What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually attacks the lungs, but can attack almost any part of the body. Tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air. When a person with TB in their lungs or throat coughs, laughs, sneezes, sings, or even talks, the germs that cause TB may spread through the air. If another person breathes in these germs there is a chance that they will become infected with tuberculosis.
What is Meningitis?
Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes (meninges) surrounding your brain and spinal cord. The swelling from meningitis typically triggers symptoms such as headache, fever and a stiff neck. Some tend to experience a severe headache.
Tuberculous meningitis is an infection of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
Tuberculous meningitis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). The bacteria spreads to the brain and spine from another place in the body, usually the lung.
People who have the following have a higher chance of developing tuberculous meningitis:
• Drink alcohol in excess
• TB of the lung
• Weakened immune system
Bacterial meningitis is serious and can be fatal within days without prompt antibiotic treatment. Delayed treatment increases the risk of permanent brain damage or death.